手握日月摘星辰 世间无我这般人

发布时间:2018-03-08 归属:文字图片

抢红包尾数:Thetroubled-plaguedSamsungGalaxyNote7,nowwithdrawnfromsales,usedtobeoneoftheSouthKoreangroup'smostsought-aftersmartphonemodels.[Photo/Agencies]China'scellphoneshipmentsincreasedto560millionslastyear,up8percentyear-on-year,accordingtodatafromtheChinaAcademyofInformationandCommunicationsTechnology.Thedatafromtheacademy,affiliatedtotheMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,alsoshowChineseconsumersarelikelytoreplace400millionto500millioncellphonesayear,addingtotheexistingheapofabout1billiondiscardedcellphones.Instarkcontrast,therecyclingrateofcellphonesislessthan2percent.Abluebookonelectronicsconsumption,issuedbyShanghai'sHorizonResearchConsultancyGroupin2015,says65.4percentofconsumerschoosetodiscard,butnotrecycle,theiroldelectronicdevices.Ifdigitalwasteisnotrecycledorappropriatelydisposedof,itcoulddamagetheenvironment.Evenduringthemanufacturingprocessofsmartphones,somevolatilematerialslikelead,cadmium,mercuryandothermetals,ifnottreatedproperly,couldharmtheecosystemandhumanhealththroughsoilandwatercontamination.Andtheplasticcasesofdigitaldevicesreleasetoxic,evencarcinogenic,fumeswhentheyareburned.However,discardedelectronicdevices,includingcellphones,canbeturnedintousefulitems.Recently,theTokyoOrganisingCommitteeoftheOlympicandParalympicGamesannouncedaplantorecyclediscardedelectronicdevices,includingcellphones,andextractthemetalsfromthemtomakemedalsforthe2020Olympics.Somecellphonecomponentshavevaluablemetalsthatarecostlierthanevengoldandsilverore.TheAppleEnvironmentalResponsibilityReport2016saidinfiscalyear2015,Applegeneratedapproximately13.1millionpoundsofwaste,anddivertedover22.5millionpoundsofmaterialsfromlandfillthroughrecyclingandcomposting.However,thecostofrecyclingcellphonesishigh,notonlyintermsofmoneybutalsootherfactors.Themostimportantfactorispersonalprivacyandinformationsecurity.AccordingtotheChinaAcademyofInformationandCommunicationsTechnology,inJanuarythisyearthedomesticshipmentofsmartphonesreached45.03million,accountingfor96percentofthetotalshipmentofcellphones.Smartphonesarepopularnotjustbecausepeopleusethemtocallorreceivecallsandsendorreceivemessages,butalsobecausetheyneedthemtokeepintouchwiththeircontactsonWeChat,useAlipay,conductcellbankingoperationsandbrowsetheinternet.Andsinceusershavetoinputalotofpersonalinformationintothecellphonestocarryouttheseoperations,theyarereluctanttohavethemrecycledastheyfeartheirpersonalinformationcouldbeleakedandmisusedbyunscrupulouspeople.Thesecondfactorthatmakescellphonerecyclingdifficultisthelackofenoughandregularrecyclingchannels.ForiPhone,iPadandiMacusers,forexample,theonlyavailablechannelforrecyclingisApplestores.Theotherfactoristhatthemoneyusersgetinexchangeforhandingovertheircellphonestoregisteredrecyclingagentsisnotenoughtooffsettheriskoftheirpersonalinformationbeingmisused.Somostusersprefertokeepthediscardedsmartphonesathome.Besides,regularrecyclingofcellphonesmostlyinvolvesdismantlingthedevicesandextractingfromthemmetalsandparts,whosevaluemaynotbeworththecostofrecycling.Thisimbalanceintherecyclingmarketisperhapsthegreatestreasonwhyahugepercentageofthediscardedcellphonesisnorecycled.Onlywhenthefactorsareaddressedcantherecyclingofthecellphonesbeeffectivelyimplemented.TheauthorisawriterwithChinaDaily.zhangyuchen@chinadaily.com.cn

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